Famous Practitioners


  • Peter Li
  • Kathy Megyery
  • Monica Boyd

Time Period
1980s – present
Central Approach
Inclusionism is all about recognizing the ethnic diversity within different societies by studying the experiences of all of the various ethnic groups and rejecting the urge to judge based on what the majority sees.
Brief History
Inclusionism was originally believed by many sociologists, such as Weber, Marx and Durkheim, that although differences in ethnicity, religion and race all caused conflict, economic differences were the cause of the majority of the conflicts. Because of this, the majority of theorists only studied economic class and most other things were left behind. Most sociologists even believed that once a person moved to a new place, they would be assimilated into the new culture quickly and would end up leaving their own original culture behind. However, after many immigration policies (including Canada's) were changed in the late 1960s, visible minorities grew in population. Throughout several years it became apparent that people were becoming able to continue with their native culture even while in a foreign country. This sparked many sociologists to start looking at parts of society other than simply economic class, including differences in race and ethnicity, which forms the basis of inclusionism.
Major Questions Asked In Canada
What barriers prevent ethnic minorities from playing a complete role in Canadian political and economic life?
What policies need to be changed to ensure that these ethnic minorities do play a role in Canada?
Major Conflicts Addressed
There are many problems in society that are looked at through inclusionism. Because inclusionism is all about looking for equality in society through different minorities, many problems are related to discrimination. Here are some examples:

    • Unequal pay while working the same job
    • Equal representation in Canadian government
    • Equality in Canadian policies

The major goal in addressing these issues is to create an equal, multicultural and diverse society where all ethnic groups and races can feel comfortable and safe.
Key Words
  1. Ethnicity: A combination of characteristics of people based on country of origin, race, religion, linguistics, etc.
  2. Diversity: A variation of characteristics.
  3. Ethnic Minority/Visible Minority: A group of people that are lesser in numbers in society compared to a more commonly seen majority.
  4. Ethnic Barriers: Metaphorical walls that people put up to block a person of a specific or general ethnicity from passing.
  5. Discrimination: Unequal treatment or thoughts of individuals based on their social class, race, religion, etc.


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