Psychoanalytical Theory
By Emily Camelin, Olivia Krakowiak and Julia Sicard
· The mind is divided into two parts: the conscious (part we are aware of) and the unconscious (part we are not aware of)
· The unconscious mind has more of an influence on our personality and behaviour.
· The unconscious is further divided into three parts: the id- encourages us to seek physical satisfaction; the superego prompts us to do the moral thing, not the one that feels best, and the ego referees between the two and deals with external reality. Personality development and individual behaviour are governed by how the three parts of the unconscious mind interact.
· Sigmund Freud founded the psychoanalytic theory around the 1890’s to the 1930’s. He believed that our early childhood experiences are spread in our social mind.
· The central approach to this theory is that the unconscious mind can be unlocked through dream analysis and hypnosis. We can unlock the secrets of the unconscious mind through our dreams, id, ego and super ego. In order to fully achieve who we are we need to make the unconscious conscious.
· The desires from the unconscious make themselves known in the subject’s conscious state (and usually surface in some symbolic way)
· Freud believed that a person operates daily using his/her conscious mind- the perceptions, memories, thoughts, fantasies, feelings, and ideas you are aware of.
· Dream interpretation is the decoding of the symbols, the recovery of the unconscious and, hence, hidden tensions and conflicts that give rise to the dreams in the first place.
· Freud felt that individual sexual satisfaction or frustration as the key element in personality development.
· Typical questions asked: How does the unconscious mind affect our actions? How can we unlock the secrets of the unconscious mind?